West Germanic language originating in England with linguistic roots in French, German and Vulgar Latin

  • English language 
  •  en 
  •  eng


Spanish version: https://12r.es/en/

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the ancient Germanic peoples that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula on the Baltic Sea. English is most closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, while its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), as well as Latin and French.

Official language in:

67 countries, 27 non-sovereign entities, Various organisations: United Nations, European Union, Commonwealth of Nations, Council of Europe, ICC, IMF, IOC, ISO, NATO, WTO, NAFTA, OAS, OECD, OIC, OPEC, GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, PIF, UKUSA Agreement, ASEAN, ASEAN Economic Community, SAARC, CARICOM, Turkic Council, ECO


List of territorial entities where English is an official language

The following is a list of territories where English is an official language, that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials. As of 2019, there were 55 sovereign states and 27 non-sovereign entities where English was an official language. Many country subdivisions have declared English an official language at the local or regional level.


English-speaking world

Over 2 billion people speak English, making English the largest language by number of speakers, and the third largest language by number of native speakers. With 300 million native speakers, the United States of America is the largest English-speaking country. As pictured in the pie graph below, most native speakers of English are Americans.

Additionally, there are 60 million native speakers in the United Kingdom, 29 million in Canada, 25.1 million in Australia, 4.7 million in the Republic of Ireland, and 4.9 million in New Zealand.